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81) PMID: 31955342 DOI: 10.1007/s10943-020-00980-2
% 2020 Journal of religion and health
* Trauma and Post-traumatic Growth: Spirituality and Self-compassion as Mediators Among Parents Who Lost Their Young Children in a Protracted Conflict.
- The purpose of the present study was to expand the knowledge on trauma and post-traumatic growth (PTG) by exploring this relationship in parents who lost their children in Kashmir (India). The main aim of the present study was to examine whether spirituality and self-compassion mediate the relationship between trauma and PTG. Data were collected from 80 parents in the age range of 35-80 years (Mean Age = 52.09). Traumatic Grief scale Prigerson et al. (in Am J Psychiatry 154:616-623, 1997), Daily Spirituality Scale (Underwood and Teresi, Ann Behav Med 24(1):22-33, 2002), Self-Compassion Scale (Raes et al., Clin Psychol Psychoth 18:250-255, 2011), and PTG Inventory (Tedeschi and Calhoun, J Trauma Stress 9(3):455-471, 1996) scales were used to measure trauma, spirituality, self-compassion, and PTG, respectively. Results of the study indicated the presence of average amount of spirituality and high amount of trauma among the participants. High level of self-compassion and post-traumatic growth was also found among the participants. The results showed that there is no significant direct relationship between trauma and PTG; however, both the indirect paths (trauma, spirituality, and PTG as well as trauma, self-compassion, and PTG) were found to be significant. The results of the present study supported serial mediation model of Trauma and PTG through spirituality and self-compassion. It implies that trauma would lead to spirituality which in turn would lead to self-compassion and which would finally result in PTG. The result provided another lens to see the relationship between trauma and PTG.

82) PMID: 31955583 DOI: 10.1556/650.2020.31543
% 2020 Orvosi hetilap
* [Prevalence of hypertension in overweight and obese Hungarian children and adolescents].
- Introduction: The prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing worldwide, which affects not only adults, but children and adolescents as well. Moreover, this condition may lead to several comorbidities, such as elevated or even high blood pressure. Aim: Aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of overweight- and obesity-related elevated and high blood pressure in a population aged 3-18 years in Hungary. Method: Between 2005 and 2018, altogether 8624 (boys = 4719) individuals were enrolled to this study. Normal weight, overweight and obese groups were created on the basis of body mass index. The diagnosis of elevated (systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure is between 90th and 95th percentile) and high blood pressure (systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure is over 95th percentile) was based on detailed examination (laboratory tests, abdominal ultrasonography, paediatric cardiology and 24-hours ambulatory blood pressure monitoring). Results: In this study, the prevalence of overweight and obesity was 23.5% overall, 26.4% in boys and 20% in girls. The prevalence of elevated blood pressure was 9.8% in overweight patients, while it was 4.6% in the obese group. The prevalence of high blood pressure was 8.3% (odds ratio: 1.1%, 95% CI) among overweight subjects, while it was 26.7% (odds ratio: 3.6, 95% CI) in the obese group. Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first Hungarian population-based study on the prevalence of overweight- and obesity-related elevated and high blood pressure assessed in a large contemporary cohort of children and adolescents. The cardiovascular risk is increased in this patient group. Hence, it is essential to set up a proper primary prevention strategy. Orv Hetil. 2020; 161(4): 151-160.

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