ELIZA cgi-bash version rev. 1.90
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69) PMID: 33453131 DOI: 10.1111/hsc.13269
% 2021 Health & social care in the community
* Comparison between attention and experiences of chronic complex patients: A multicentric study.
- The aim of this research is to explore and analyse the functional status and experiences of complex patients located at levels 3-4 of the risk pyramid of the chronic care model in primary care, within the hospital system of two regions in Spain. The design was a mixed design (COREQ). The participants were enrolled in programs for chronic complex patients and their caregivers. Sociodemographic variables were gathered, together with the following measures: the Barthel test, the Mini mental test, the Zarit questionnaire, the IEXPAC scale and the Braden scale. A semi-structured interview was conducted individually with patients in order to explore their experiences and narrative on the process of their illness and the support they had received. The sample comprised 206 chronic pluripathological patients, of whom 103 were from Cantabria and a further 103 were from Mallorca. The patient profile in both regions was very similar. There was an equal distribution across both gender and the patients were over 78 years old. They all had a basic (primary) education, an average income and required moderate physical dependence, receiving assistance primarily from their children. The qualitative analysis highlighted patients' awareness of the illness and their concern for the future, noting that, overall, patients were satisfied with the care provided by their caregivers and the health system. We can conclude that is the first multicentric study of these characteristics conducted in Spain, despite it being the country with the second largest ageing population in the world. It is important to test new organisational models with differentiating areas of advanced clinical practice in primary care, whereby both patients and their caregivers can be co-responsible within the care process.

70) PMID: 33453718 DOI: 10.1016/j.puhe.2020.11.014
% 2021 Physiological research
* Dynamic changes of high-sensitivity troponin T concentration during infancy: clinical implications.
- Cardiac troponin T determination plays a dominant role in diagnosis of myocardial pathologies. Despite generally accepted use of high-sensitive cardiac troponin T assays (hscTnT) and clearly defined cut-off limit in adults, the uncertainty persists in infants. The aim of this study was to assess plasmatic concentrations of hscTnT and describe sequential age-related dynamic changes of hscTnT in healthy infants and toddlers. Seventy-eight children (52 males/26 females) from Czech Republic aged 44 to 872 days (median, interquartile range 271; 126 to 486 days) were consecutively enrolled in the single-center, prospective observational study. Plasma concentrations of hscTnT were analyzed by the electrochemiluminescent method, age-related reference intervals were calculated using the polynominal regression model. Amongst the study population (n=78), the upper limit of hscTnT concentration defined as the 99th percentile was calculated. The 99th percentile with 95 % confidence interval at the end of 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th and 7th month of postnatal life were: 81 (40.6 to 63.6), 61 (36.0 to 55.3), 47 (31.9 to 48.3), 37 (28.1 to 42.3), 30 (24.7 to 37.2) and 25 (21.5 to 32.7) ng/l, respectively. Concentration of adults 99th percentile (14 ng/l) was achieved approximately at 1 year of postnatal life. Statistically significant negative correlation of hscTnT concentration with age (r=-0.81, p<0.001) was found. Significant gender differences were not found (p>0.07). The study revealed substantially increased reference intervals of hscTnT levels in infants when compared with adult population. Based on our preliminary results, the age-related interpretation of hscTnT plasmatic concentration is recommended.

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