% 2021 Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports
* Active commuting to school among 36,781 Spanish children and adolescents: A temporal trend study.
- This study examines trends in the rates of active commuting to school (ACS) in Spanish children (n=18,343; 8.93±1.68) and adolescents (n=18,438; 14.11±1.58) aged 6-18 years from 2010 to 2017. Given the study period included the economic crisis in Spain (2008-2013), the second aim of this study was to compare ACS rates during and after the economic crisis. Data were obtained from 28 studies conducted across Spain. The overall trends in ACS were evaluated using multilevel logistic regression analysis. Among Spanish children and adolescents, the rates of ACS to school ranged around 60% between 2010 and 2017. The rates of ACS in Spanish youth did not change significantly during the 2010-2017 period, except a sporadic increase in the rate of ACS in adolescents in 2012-2013. No significant association between the ACS and the economic crisis time period in youth were found. As conclusion, the ACS remains stable in Spain during the last decade, which is a promising result regarding the evidenced decreasing trend in many countries. Further educational and policy strategies are important to continue promoting this behavior in children and adolescents in the long term.
* Initial validation of the Basque version of the Parental Burnout Assessment (B-PBA).
- The aim of the present study was to validate the Parental Burnout Assessment in a Basque sample of parents. The Basque version of the PBA (B-PBA) was administered to 250 parents, with at least one child living at home. We investigated whether the four-dimensional structure of the PBA held in a sample of male and female parents. Furthermore, we examined the relationships between PBA and several sociodemographic variables such as participants' age, gender, number of children, family type, level of education, socioeconomic level, being in paid employment, and time spent with children. The results confirm the four-factor structure of the B-PBA including exhaustion in one's parental role, contrast with previous parental self, feelings of being fed up, and emotional distancing from one's children. The B-PBA shows good psychometric properties. Regarding sociodemographic variables, mothers present higher levels of parental burnout in comparison with fathers. In the rest of the sociodemographic variables there are weak relationships regarding parental burnout. In the discussion, we provide feedback on the hypotheses and results obtained and we interpret the results; we highlight the relevance of the parental burnout construct in the Basque Country; and we present practical implications as well as future perspectives.