ELIZA cgi-bash version rev. 1.90
- Medical English LInking keywords finder for the PubMed Zipped Archive (ELIZA) -

return kwic search for present out of >500 occurrences
505151 occurrences (No.26 in the rank) during 5 years in the PubMed. [cache]
7) The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between BMI and brain structure with a relatively large sample of young adults (N = 336) in a small age range (20 ± 1 years).
--- ABSTRACT ---
PMID:24146133 DOI:10.1007/s00429-013-0657-9
2015 Brain structure & function
* Gray and white matter structures in the midcingulate cortex region contribute to body mass index in Chinese young adults.
- Overweight and obesity are rapidly becoming a central public health challenge around the world. Previous studies have suggested that elevated Body Mass Index (BMI) might be associated with structural changes in both gray and white matter, but this association is still not well understood. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between BMI and brain structure with a relatively large sample of young adults (N = 336) in a small age range (20 ± 1 years). Voxel-based morphometry results showed significant negative correlations between BMI and gray-matter volumes in the midcingulate cortex (MCC), left orbital frontal cortex, and left ventromedial prefrontal cortex. There was also a significant negative correlation between BMI and white matter integrity as indexed by fractional anisotropy in bilateral cingulum. Further tractography analysis showed a significant negative correlation between BMI and the number of fibers passing the MCC region. Regression analysis showed that gray matter and white matter in these regions both contributed to the variance of BMI. These results remained significant even when analysis was restricted to the subjects with normal weights. Finally, we found that decision-making ability (as assessed by the Iowa Gambling Task) mediated the association between the structure of the MCC (a region responsible for impulse control and decision making) and BMI. These results shed light on the structural neural basis of weight variations.
[frequency of next (right) word to present]
(1)151 study (10)8 review (19)3 findings (28)2 only
(2)60 a (11)7 investigation (20)3 on (29)2 paper,
(3)37 study, (12)6 an (21)3 our (30)2 report,
(4)36 in (13)6 case (22)3 research (31)2 studies
(5)21 the (14)5 article (23)2 as (32)2 this
(6)10 results (15)5 data (24)2 between (33)2 to
(7)9 *null* (16)4 and (25)2 case, (34)2 work
(8)9 with (17)4 here (26)2 either
(9)8 at (18)4 two (27)2 more

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--- WordNet output for present --- =>出席している, そこにある, 現在の, 今の, 当面の, いあわせている, 考慮している, 現在, を人に贈る, 進呈する, を与える, を渡す, を紹介する, を公開する, を見せる, 示す, 贈り物, 【文法】現在時制の, プレゼント, 贈る, ある, 現在形の Overview of noun present The noun present has 3 senses (first 2 from tagged texts) 1. (17) present, nowadays -- (the period of time that is happening now; any continuous stretch of time including the moment of speech; "that is enough for the present"; "he lives in the present with no thought of tomorrow") 2. (4) present -- (something presented as a gift; "his tie was a present from his wife") 3. present, present tense -- (a verb tense that expresses actions or states at the time of speaking) Overview of verb present The verb present has 13 senses (first 10 from tagged texts) 1. (40) show, demo, exhibit, present, demonstrate -- (give an exhibition of to an interested audience; "She shows her dogs frequently"; "We will demo the new software in Washington") 2. (28) present, represent, lay out -- (bring forward and present to the mind; "We presented the arguments to him"; "We cannot represent this knowledge to our formal reason") 3. (14) stage, present, represent -- (perform (a play), especially on a stage; "we are going to stage `Othello'") 4. (13) present, submit -- (hand over formally) 5. (7) present, pose -- (introduce; "This poses an interesting question") 6. (3) award, present -- (give, especially as an honor or reward; "bestow honors and prizes at graduation") 7. (3) give, gift, present -- (give as a present; make a gift of; "What will you give her for her birthday?") 8. (3) deliver, present -- (deliver (a speech, oration, or idea); "The commencement speaker presented a forceful speech that impressed the students") 9. (2) introduce, present, acquaint -- (cause to come to know personally; "permit me to acquaint you with my son"; "introduce the new neighbors to the community") 10. (1) portray, present -- (represent abstractly, for example in a painting, drawing, or sculpture; "The father is portrayed as a good-looking man in this painting") 11. confront, face, present -- (present somebody with something, usually to accuse or criticize; "We confronted him with the evidence"; "He was faced with all the evidence and could no longer deny his actions"; "An enormous dilemma faces us") 12. present -- (formally present a debutante, a representative of a country, etc.) 13. salute, present -- (recognize with a gesture prescribed by a military regulation; assume a prescribed position; "When the officers show up, the soldiers have to salute") Overview of adj present The adj present has 2 senses (first 2 from tagged texts) 1. (60) present -- (temporal sense; intermediate between past and future; now existing or happening or in consideration; "the present leader"; "articles for present use"; "the present topic"; "the present system"; "present observations") 2. (39) present -- (being or existing in a specified place; "the murderer is present in this room"; "present at the wedding"; "present at the creation") --- WordNet end ---