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- Medical English LInking keywords finder for the PubMed Zipped Archive (ELIZA) -

return kwic search for present out of >500 occurrences
505151 occurrences (No.26 in the rank) during 5 years in the PubMed. [no cache] 500 found
415) In the present paper, we investigate the behaviour of different dental materials under laser irradiation.
--- ABSTRACT ---
PMID:23793369 DOI:10.1007/s10103-013-1340-3
2015 Lasers in medical science
* Laser treatment of dental ceramic/cement layers: transmitted energy, temperature effects and surface characterisation.
- In the present paper, we investigate the behaviour of different dental materials under laser irradiation. We have used e.max Ceram, e.max ZirCAD, and e.max Press dental ceramics and glass ionomer cement Ketac Cem in the present study. The dental ceramics were prepared in the form of samples with thickness of 0.5-2 mm. We used two lasers [solid-state laser (Er:YAG, Fidelis III+, Fotona) and an 810- nm diode laser (FOX, A.R.C)] for the transillumination of ceramic samples. It has been shown that the laser energy transmitted through the ceramic material decreases to 30-40% of the original values along with an increase in the thickness of the irradiated sample. Pigmented ceramic samples show more laser energy loss compared to the samples containing no pigment. We investigated the temperature evolution in composite sandwiched ceramic/cement samples under laser treatment. The increase in the irradiation time and laser power led to a temperature increase of up to 80 °C. The surfaces of irradiated ceramic samples were examined with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy to evaluate changes in chemical composition, such as a decrease in the C signal, accompanied by a strong increase in the Zr peak for the Er:YAG laser, while the 810-nm diode laser showed no change in the ratio of elements on the surface.
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(1)151 study (10)8 review (19)3 findings (28)2 only
(2)60 a (11)7 investigation (20)3 on (29)2 paper,
(3)37 study, (12)6 an (21)3 our (30)2 report,
(4)36 in (13)6 case (22)3 research (31)2 studies
(5)21 the (14)5 article (23)2 as (32)2 this
(6)10 results (15)5 data (24)2 between (33)2 to
(7)9 *null* (16)4 and (25)2 case, (34)2 work
(8)9 with (17)4 here (26)2 either
(9)8 at (18)4 two (27)2 more

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--- WordNet output for present --- =>出席している, そこにある, 現在の, 今の, 当面の, いあわせている, 考慮している, 現在, を人に贈る, 進呈する, を与える, を渡す, を紹介する, を公開する, を見せる, 示す, 贈り物, 【文法】現在時制の, プレゼント, 贈る, ある, 現在形の Overview of noun present The noun present has 3 senses (first 2 from tagged texts) 1. (17) present, nowadays -- (the period of time that is happening now; any continuous stretch of time including the moment of speech; "that is enough for the present"; "he lives in the present with no thought of tomorrow") 2. (4) present -- (something presented as a gift; "his tie was a present from his wife") 3. present, present tense -- (a verb tense that expresses actions or states at the time of speaking) Overview of verb present The verb present has 13 senses (first 10 from tagged texts) 1. (40) show, demo, exhibit, present, demonstrate -- (give an exhibition of to an interested audience; "She shows her dogs frequently"; "We will demo the new software in Washington") 2. (28) present, represent, lay out -- (bring forward and present to the mind; "We presented the arguments to him"; "We cannot represent this knowledge to our formal reason") 3. (14) stage, present, represent -- (perform (a play), especially on a stage; "we are going to stage `Othello'") 4. (13) present, submit -- (hand over formally) 5. (7) present, pose -- (introduce; "This poses an interesting question") 6. (3) award, present -- (give, especially as an honor or reward; "bestow honors and prizes at graduation") 7. (3) give, gift, present -- (give as a present; make a gift of; "What will you give her for her birthday?") 8. (3) deliver, present -- (deliver (a speech, oration, or idea); "The commencement speaker presented a forceful speech that impressed the students") 9. (2) introduce, present, acquaint -- (cause to come to know personally; "permit me to acquaint you with my son"; "introduce the new neighbors to the community") 10. (1) portray, present -- (represent abstractly, for example in a painting, drawing, or sculpture; "The father is portrayed as a good-looking man in this painting") 11. confront, face, present -- (present somebody with something, usually to accuse or criticize; "We confronted him with the evidence"; "He was faced with all the evidence and could no longer deny his actions"; "An enormous dilemma faces us") 12. present -- (formally present a debutante, a representative of a country, etc.) 13. salute, present -- (recognize with a gesture prescribed by a military regulation; assume a prescribed position; "When the officers show up, the soldiers have to salute") Overview of adj present The adj present has 2 senses (first 2 from tagged texts) 1. (60) present -- (temporal sense; intermediate between past and future; now existing or happening or in consideration; "the present leader"; "articles for present use"; "the present topic"; "the present system"; "present observations") 2. (39) present -- (being or existing in a specified place; "the murderer is present in this room"; "present at the wedding"; "present at the creation") --- WordNet end ---