ELIZA cgi-bash version rev. 1.90
- Medical English LInking keywords finder for the PubMed Zipped Archive (ELIZA) -

return kwic search for model out of >500 occurrences
469466 occurrences (No.35 in the rank) during 5 years in the PubMed. [cache]
21) The present studies tested the high drinking in the dark (HDID) selected lines, a genetic model of drinking to intoxication, to determine whether intake in these mice was genetically related to sensitivity to alcohol aversion or reward.
--- ABSTRACT ---
PMID:23910826 DOI:10.1111/adb.12079
2015 Addiction biology
* Rewarding and aversive effects of ethanol in High Drinking in the Dark selectively bred mice.
- Both rewarding and aversive effects contribute to alcohol consumption. Animals genetically predisposed to be high drinkers show reduced sensitivity to the aversive effects of alcohol, and in some instances, increased sensitivity to alcohol's rewarding effects. The present studies tested the high drinking in the dark (HDID) selected lines, a genetic model of drinking to intoxication, to determine whether intake in these mice was genetically related to sensitivity to alcohol aversion or reward. Male HDID mice from the first and second replicate lines (HDID-1 and HDID-2, respectively) and mice from the heterogeneous progenitor control population (HS/Npt, or HS) were conditioned for a taste aversion to a salt solution using two doses of alcohol, and lithium chloride (LiCl) and saline controls. In separate experiments, male and female HDID-1, HDID-2 and HS mice were conditioned for place preference using alcohol. HDID mice were found to have an attenuated sensitivity to alcohol at a moderate (2 g/kg) dose compared to HS mice, but did not differ on conditioned taste aversion to a high (4 g/kg) dose or LiCl or saline injections. HDID and HS mice showed comparable development of alcohol-induced conditioned place preference. These results indicate that high blood alcohol levels after drinking in the HDID mice is genetically related to attenuated aversion to alcohol, while sensitivity to alcohol reward is not altered in these mice. Thus, HDID mice may find a moderate dose of alcohol to be less aversive than control mice and consequently may drink more because of this reduced aversive sensitivity.
--- ABSTRACT END ---
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[frequency of next (right) word to model]
(1)63 of (12)7 as (23)3 assessment (34)2 demonstrated
(2)55 *null* (13)6 are (24)3 fit (35)2 it
(3)35 for (14)6 system (25)3 revealed (36)2 joints
(4)28 was (15)5 a (26)3 showed (37)2 may
(5)26 to (16)5 selection (27)3 systems (38)2 not
(6)16 and (17)5 which (28)3 were (39)2 results
(7)16 in (18)5 will (29)2 allows (40)2 species
(8)16 is (19)4 can (30)2 analyses (41)2 such
(9)16 with (20)4 parameters (31)2 appropriate (42)2 used
(10)12 that (21)4 using (32)2 biological
(11)8 the (22)4 we (33)2 consists

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--- WordNet output for model --- =>模型, 作る, 形に表わす, 模範, モデル, 型, 模型の, 模範となる, かたどる, 手本, モデルをする, 手本となる Overview of noun model The noun model has 9 senses (first 7 from tagged texts) 1. (19) model, theoretical account, framework -- (a hypothetical description of a complex entity or process; "the computer program was based on a model of the circulatory and respiratory systems") 2. (11) model -- (a type of product; "his car was an old model") 3. (6) model, poser -- (a person who poses for a photographer or painter or sculptor; "the president didn't have time to be a model so the artist worked from photos") 4. (4) model, simulation -- (representation of something (sometimes on a smaller scale)) 5. (3) exemplar, example, model, good example -- (something to be imitated; "an exemplar of success"; "a model of clarity"; "he is the very model of a modern major general") 6. (1) model, role model -- (someone worthy of imitation; "every child needs a role model") 7. (1) model, example -- (a representative form or pattern; "I profited from his example") 8. mannequin, manikin, mannikin, manakin, fashion model, model -- (a woman who wears clothes to display fashions; "she was too fat to be a mannequin") 9. model, modelling, modeling -- (the act of representing something (usually on a smaller scale)) Overview of verb model The verb model has 6 senses (first 2 from tagged texts) 1. (1) model, pattern -- (plan or create according to a model or models) 2. (1) model, mold, mould -- (form in clay, wax, etc; "model a head with clay") 3. model, pose, sit, posture -- (assume a posture as for artistic purposes; "We don't know the woman who posed for Leonardo so often") 4. model -- (display (clothes) as a mannequin; "model the latest fashion") 5. model, simulate -- (create a representation or model of; "The pilots are trained in conditions simulating high-altitude flights") 6. model, mock up -- (construct a model of; "model an airplane") Overview of adj model The adj model has 1 sense (first 1 from tagged texts) 1. (1) exemplary, model -- (worthy of imitation; "exemplary behavior"; "model citizens") --- WordNet end ---