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- Medical English LInking keywords finder for the PubMed Zipped Archive (ELIZA) -

return kwic search for found out of >500 occurrences
581812 occurrences (No.15 in the rank) during 5 years in the PubMed. [cache]
13) A significant association was found between anti-FMDV antibody responses and sire's breed, with lower immune responses found in the Jersey sires' offspring compared with those from Holstein sires.
--- ABSTRACT ---
PMID:23895140 DOI:10.1111/tbed.12130
2015 Transboundary and emerging diseases
* Heterogeneity in the Antibody Response to Foot-and-Mouth Disease Primo-vaccinated Calves.
- Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) vaccines are routinely used as effective control tools in large regions worldwide and to limit outbreaks during epidemics. Vaccine-induced protection in cattle has been largely correlated with the FMD virus (FMDV)-specific antibodies. Genetic control of cattle immune adaptive responses has been demonstrated only for peptide antigens derived from FMDV structural proteins. Here, we quantify the heterogeneity in the antibody response of cattle primo-vaccinated against FMD and study its association with the genetic background in Holstein and Jersey sires. A total of 377 FMDV-seronegative calves (122 and 255 calves from 16 and 15 Holstein and Jersey sires, respectively) were included in the study. Samples were taken the day prior to primo-vaccination and 45 days post-vaccination (dpv). Animals received commercial tetravalent FMD single emulsion oil vaccines formulated with inactivated FMDV. Total FMDV-specific antibody responses were studied against three viral strains included in the vaccine, and antibody titres were determined by liquid-phase blocking ELISA. Three linear hierarchical mixed regression models, one for each strain, were formulated to assess the heterogeneity in the immune responses to vaccination. The dependent variables were the antibody titres induced against each FMDV strain at 45 dpv, whereas sire's 'breed' was included as a fixed effect, 'sire' was included as a random effect, and 'farm' was considered as a hierarchical factor to account for lack of independence of within herd measurements. A significant association was found between anti-FMDV antibody responses and sire's breed, with lower immune responses found in the Jersey sires' offspring compared with those from Holstein sires. No significant intrabreed variation was detected. In addition, farm management practices were similar in this study, and results of the serological assays were shown to be repeatable. It therefore seems plausible that differences in the immune response may be expected in the event of a mass vaccination campaigns.
[frequency of prior(left) word to found]
(1)143 was (6)22 been (11)6 are (16)3 that
(2)110 were (7)12 and (12)5 be (17)2 analysis
(3)46 We (8)10 is (13)5 those (18)2 as
(4)29 we (9)10 not (14)3 authors (19)2 examination
(5)25 also (10)10 study (15)3 have

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--- WordNet output for found --- =>設立する, 基礎づける Overview of noun found The noun found has 1 sense (first 1 from tagged texts) 1. (1) found -- (food and lodging provided in addition to money; "they worked for $30 and found") Overview of verb found The verb found has 3 senses (first 2 from tagged texts) 1. (9) establish, set up, found, launch -- (set up or found; "She set up a literacy program") 2. (4) establish, found, plant, constitute, institute -- (set up or lay the groundwork for; "establish a new department") 3. establish, base, ground, found -- (use as a basis for; found on; "base a claim on some observation") Overview of verb find The verb find has 16 senses (first 13 from tagged texts) 1. (159) find, happen, chance, bump, encounter -- (come upon, as if by accident; meet with; "We find this idea in Plato"; "I happened upon the most wonderful bakery not very far from here"; "She chanced upon an interesting book in the bookstore the other day") 2. (141) detect, observe, find, discover, notice -- (discover or determine the existence, presence, or fact of; "She detected high levels of lead in her drinking water"; "We found traces of lead in the paint") 3. (86) find, regain -- (come upon after searching; find the location of something that was missed or lost; "Did you find your glasses?"; "I cannot find my gloves!") 4. (57) determine, find, find out, ascertain -- (establish after a calculation, investigation, experiment, survey, or study; "find the product of two numbers"; "The physicist who found the elusive particle won the Nobel Prize") 5. (57) find, feel -- (come to believe on the basis of emotion, intuitions, or indefinite grounds; "I feel that he doesn't like me"; "I find him to be obnoxious"; "I found the movie rather entertaining") 6. (45) witness, find, see -- (perceive or be contemporaneous with; "We found Republicans winning the offices"; "You'll see a lot of cheating in this school"; "The 1960's saw the rebellion of the younger generation against established traditions"; "I want to see results") 7. (41) line up, get hold, come up, find -- (get something or somebody for a specific purpose; "I found this gadget that will serve as a bottle opener"; "I got hold of these tools to fix our plumbing"; "The chairman got hold of a secretary on Friday night to type the urgent letter") 8. (34) discover, find -- (make a discovery, make a new finding; "Roentgen discovered X-rays"; "Physicists believe they found a new elementary particle") 9. (29) discover, find -- (make a discovery; "She found that he had lied to her"; "The story is false, so far as I can discover") 10. (16) find -- (obtain through effort or management; "She found the time and energy to take care of her aging parents"; "We found the money to send our sons to college") 11. (16) rule, find -- (decide on and make a declaration about; "find someone guilty") 12. (13) receive, get, find, obtain, incur -- (receive a specified treatment (abstract); "These aspects of civilization do not find expression or receive an interpretation"; "His movie received a good review"; "I got nothing but trouble for my good intentions") 13. (11) find -- (perceive oneself to be in a certain condition or place; "I found myself in a difficult situation"; "When he woke up, he found himself in a hospital room") 14. recover, retrieve, find, regain -- (get or find back; recover the use of; "She regained control of herself"; "She found her voice and replied quickly") 15. find -- (succeed in reaching; arrive at; "The arrow found its mark") 16. find oneself, find -- (accept and make use of one's personality, abilities, and situation; "My son went to Berkeley to find himself") Overview of adj found The adj found has 1 sense (first 1 from tagged texts) 1. (1) found -- (come upon unexpectedly or after searching; "found art"; "the lost-and-found department") --- WordNet end ---