* Efficacy of laser-based irrigant activation methods in removing debris from simulated root canal irregularities.
- In root canal therapy, irrigating solutions are essential to assist in debridement and disinfection, but their spread and action is often restricted by canal anatomy. Hence, activation of irrigants is suggested to improve their distribution in the canal system, increasing irrigation effectiveness. Activation can be done with lasers, termed laser-activated irrigation (LAI). The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the efficacy of different irrigant activation methods in removing debris from simulated root canal irregularities. Twenty-five straight human canine roots were embedded in resin, split, and their canals prepared to a standardized shape. A groove was cut in the wall of each canal and filled with dentin debris. Canals were filled with sodium hypochlorite and six irrigant activation procedures were tested: conventional needle irrigation (CI), manual-dynamic irrigation with a tapered gutta percha cone (manual-dynamic irrigation (MDI)), passive ultrasonic irrigation, LAI with 2,940-nm erbium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Er:YAG) laser with a plain fiber tip inside the canal (Er-flat), LAI with Er:YAG laser with a conical tip held at the canal entrance (Er-PIPS), and LAI with a 980-nm diode laser moving the fiber inside the canal (diode). The amount of remaining debris in the groove was scored and compared among the groups using non-parametric tests. Conventional irrigation removed significantly less debris than all other groups. The Er:YAG with plain fiber tip was more efficient than MDI, CI, diode, and Er:YAG laser with PIPS tip in removing debris from simulated root canal irregularities.
Overview of verb compare
The verb compare has 4 senses (first 3 from tagged texts)
1. (57) compare -- (examine and note the similarities or differences of; "John compared his haircut
to his friend's"; "We compared notes after we had both seen the movie")
2. (12) compare -- (be comparable; "This car does not compare with our line of Mercedes")
3. (9) compare, liken, equate -- (consider or describe as similar, equal, or analogous; "We can
compare the Han dynasty to the Romans"; "You cannot equate success in financial matters with greed")
4. compare -- (to form the comparative or superlative form on an adjective or adverb)
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PubMed database: last updated on 2022-08-14 (c)sirasawa 2019